ADHD is a relatively prevalent issue in children. This condition is more prevalent in boys than girls. According to the National Library of Medicine, boys are almost three times more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD (13.2%) than girls (5.6%). But what exactly is ADHD? Read on to find out more.
What is ADHD?
ADHD, or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, is one of the most prevalent mental conditions in children. This disease displays several signs, including not being able to keep focus), hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The condition is usually identified by an ADHD doctor when it starts causing disruption in the classroom or problems with schoolwork.
Causes of ADHD
At the moment, scientists have not identified the causative agent of ADHD. However, some suggest that the condition may be linked to genetics. For instance, 75% of children with ADHD have a relative with the condition. Apart from genetics, ADHD has been associated with premature birth, brain injury, and mothers who smoke during pregnancy. It has also been identified with children of mothers who used alcohol and were under extreme stress during pregnancy.
Signs and Symptoms of ADHD
At some point in their development, children usually have problems focusing and behaving as expected. However, most children outgrow this behavior as they grow up. Unfortunately, children with ADHD do not. These symptoms continue, and they can become severe. If your child has ADHD, they may show some of these signs:
- Daydream excessively
- Forget or lose more than others
- Are talkative
- Take unnecessary risks
- Find it difficult to resist temptation
- Do not like taking turns
- Do not get along well with others
Treatment of ADHD
There are several approaches to treating ADHD. Most health care providers use behavioral therapy and medication. These two have been seen to improve the symptoms of this disorder significantly. Research indicates that a combination of these two works better than when each method is employed on its own. The main focus of behavioral therapy is to manage the symptoms of ADHD. Successful therapy can help children learn how to control their behavior.
When it comes to medication, there are two primary types used by an ADHD doctor: stimulants and non-stimulants. Stimulants include drugs like methylphenidate and amphetamines. Non-stimulants are also used in some cases, and these include atomoxetine and guanfacine.
In some patients, medicine can eliminate the majority of symptoms. On the other hand, some children and adults may experience only partial relief. In rare cases, the medication can even stop working. If you have problems dealing with ADHD, get in touch with us today and we can help you find an ADHD doctor.